The International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE) recommends districts consider its list of Essential Conditions when building a framework for teaching with technology.
At Metro Nashville Public Schools in Tennessee, leaders used these Essential Conditions in developing a plan, and continue to refer back to them throughout implementations, says Kecia Ray, executive director of learning technology at Metro-Nashville schools and board chair of ISTE.
- Shared vision. A systemwide vision and plan for integrating technology that has been developed with feedback from across the district, including teachers, curriculum developers and others.
- Empowered leaders. A system that supports individual leadership of teachers, staff and students, by allowing them to make decisions, solve problems and use technology creatively. Teachers should feel empowered to use, learn and teach using the technology to the best of their ability.
- Skilled personnel. A strong culture that encourages ongoing professional learning using formal channels—such as courses, conferences, training and workshops—and informal routes, such as PLNs and peer networks.
- Technical support. Reliable and sufficient access points to help solve problems and make decisions around technology integration. These can be done via technical support personnel and student helpers or teacher experts.
- Curriculum framework. Ensure the technology goals are aligned with curriculum goals.
- Assessment and evaluation. Ongoing evaluation of how technology is being used and what resources are needed to ensure that it is being used effectively.
- Support policies. Responsible use policies and digital citizenship guidelines can help ensure the effective integration of technology.