Filmmaker M. Night Shyamalan is a parent and has had long had an interest in education. He and his wife even created a scholarship for promising students from low-income backgrounds in his native Philadelphia, but the schools he saw while scouting for a movie location convinced him that handing out individual scholarships here and there would do little to battle the systemic problems in education. Most kids were still getting left behind.
So he traveled to schools—some that were succeeding with inner city students, and some that were not. He collected all of the data on the subject he could and came up with five keys to improving education and closing the gap in the US.