New Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child model

Friday, March 21, 2014

ASCD, a global community dedicated to excellence in learning, teaching, and leading, announced today the new Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) model that is recommended as a strategy for improving students’ health and learning in our schools. Developed by ASCD and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in collaboration with key leaders from education, public health, and school health fields, the new model combines and builds on elements of the traditional coordinated school health approach and the whole child framework to strengthen a unified and collaborative approach to learning and health.

“ASCD is proud to announce the new Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child model, providing an important framework to address the collaborative relationship between learning and health,” said ASCD Executive Director and CEO Dr. Gene R. Carter. “We look forward to continued work with the CDC on further development and implementation of this model as we seek to improve outcomes for each student, in each school, and in each community across our country.”

A whole child approach, which ensures that each student is healthy, safe, engaged, supported, and challenged, sets the standard for comprehensive, sustainable school improvement and provides for long-term student success. The new WSCC model responds to the call for greater alignment, integration, and collaboration between education and health to improve each child’s cognitive, physical, social, and emotional development.

The model incorporates the components of an effective school health program and the tenets of the whole child approach to education to address the symbiotic relationship between learning and health. In doing so, the model continues the focus of the traditional coordinated school health approach but aligns it with the structure, framework, and objectives of education. This is showcased by the expanded components focusing additional attention on the social and emotional climate of the school and classroom environments and the pivotal role that community involvement plays in the growth and development of our youth.

“Schools, health agencies, parents, and communities share a common goal of supporting the health and academic achievement of children and adolescents,” said Wayne H. Giles, M.D., Director of CDC’s Division of Population Health. “Research shows that the health of students is linked to their academic achievement, so by working together, we can ensure that young people are healthier and ready to learn.”

The Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child model focuses its attention on the child, emphasizing a school wide approach and acknowledging learning, health, and the school as being a part and reflection of the local community. Because they have contact with 95 percent of U.S. children ages 5–17, schools are the primary institution responsible for childhood development, after the family. It is essential that schools have an effective and comprehensive school health model in place during these critical years of social, psychological, physical, and intellectual development.

Whereas the traditional coordinated school health model contained eight components, the WSCC contains 10, expanding Health and Safe School Environment and Family/Community Involvement into four distinct components:

• Social and Emotional Climate

• Physical Environment

• Family Engagement

• Community Involvement

This change marks the need for greater emphasis on both the psychosocial and physical environment as well as the ever-increas¬ing roles that community agencies and families must play. Finally, this new model also addresses the need to engage students as active par¬ticipants in their learning and health.

In the WSCC model above, we see

• The school in blue and green, surrounding the child, acting as the hub that provides the full range of learning and health support systems to each child, in each school, in each community

• The community, represented in orange, demonstrating that while the school may be a hub, it remains a focal reflection of its community and requires community input, resources, and collaboration in order to support its students

• The child in the center, at the focal point and surrounded by the whole child tenets: healthy, safe, engaged, supported, and challenged

CDC will be integrating this new model into its school health initiatives, placing ASCD’s whole child framework at the center of health and education alignment in school settings. For more information about CDC’s school health initiatives, visit

For more information about ASCD's Whole Child Initiative, visit To find out about ASCD’s focus on integrating learning and health visit You can also find out more about ASCD's other programs, products, services and memberships at

ASCD is a global community dedicated to excellence in learning, teaching, and leading. Comprising 140,000 members—superintendents, principals, teachers, and advocates from more than 138 countries—the ASCD community also includes 56 affiliate organizations. ASCD's innovative solutions promote the success of each child. To learn more about how ASCD supports educators as they learn, teach, and lead, visit