The state is suspending millions of dollars in grants to 10 school districts, including New York City, which failed to agree with unions on an evaluation system for teachers and principals.
"The deadline is real; the funding is suspended," state Education Commissioner John B. King Jr. said.
The deadline for districts to strike deals with their local unions representing teachers and principals was Dec. 31.
The districts where School Improvement Grants are being suspended are Roosevelt on Long Island, Poughkeepsie, Buffalo, Syracuse, Albany, Rochester, New York City, Greenburgh 11 in Westchester County, Yonkers and Schenectady.
The districts may request hearings to defend their plans, which King found lacking, although he noted six -- Roosevelt, Poughkeepsie, Buffalo, Syracuse, Albany and Rochester -- showed progress.
New York City schools alone stand to lose $60 million.
The grants are an incentive to provide objective measures in evaluating teachers and principals that could eventually be used for promotion, retention, tenure and layoffs. King says the failure could jeopardize those districts' share of federal Race to the Top funds, which include millions of dollars more in grants to encourage improvements in instruction.
The state's largest teachers union calls the decision shocking and bullying by King that will immediately hurt classroom instruction.
"This action will have an immediate negative impact on those students and classrooms that can least afford further disruption," said Richard Iannuzzi, president of the New York State United Teachers union.
He said the New York State Education Department and King "have demonstrated that they have totally lost their way in shepherding real, meaningful reform ... NYSED is obviously more interested in being a bully than providing leadership."