For the past 10 years, New York University's Polytechnic Institute has run a competition called Cyber Security Awareness Week. Students compete in CSAW to find flaws in various websites' security measures, and exploit those flaws to gain access to the sensitive information stored within.
The National Security Agency (NSA) has been known to recruit talent from the CSAW competitors, as do several other government agencies and technology companies.
But professors at NYU Polytech noticed a glaring trend among the students that applied to CSAW: Almost all of them were male. Last year, of the 150 finalists who came to New York City, two were women.